As sophomore Stefanie Dazio writes at The Huffington Post, American colleges and universities are increasingly subjecting students to discipline for their off-campus actions. Their codes, she notes, often use “broad, vague language” that gives “university officials more discretion in sanctioning misconduct both on and off campus.”

Dazio, a student at American University, notes that her own campus changed its code of conduct last June to allow disciplinary action

“when, in the judgment of University officials, a student’s alleged misconduct has a negative effect on the university’s pursuit of its mission or on the well being of the greater community”

even if such “misconduct” took place off campus and did not violate any law.